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Wajszczuks in the Mazowsze (Masovia) region – XIX c.

Recognized Family Nests – „Podlasie” and Zamość regions

TRZEBIESZÓW located in the ancient „Łuków Lands” (Łuków. (2012, June 14). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:42, June 26, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%C5%81uk%C3%B3w&oldid=497575892) , in the central-eastern territories of the contemporary Poland, is currently considered as one of the two main (primary?) nests of the Wajszczuk Family. Proofs of the presence or residence of the Wajszczuks in Trzebieszów (Podlasie region) go back to the beginnings of the XVII century. A second primary nest of the Family is located in -  

SITANIEC and WYSOKIEin the Zamość region, in the immediate vicinity of the town of Zamość. We were able to discover there Wajszczuks at the beginning of the XVIII century. We still do not know, from where did they arrive to these two separate, and rather distant from each other locations - possibly from a different region of Poland. (see map).

Early in our search, around the year 2000, after we have learned about the existence of the two separate major branches of the Wajszczuk Family, we named them “Gałąż Podlaska” (Podlasie region branch) and “Gałąż Zamojska” (Zamość region branch). In the administrative or geographic nomenclature, the ancient “Zamość Land” is still being called the Zamość land or Zamość region, but the historic “Łuków Land”, surrounding the settlement of Trzebieszów and located in the old borderlands between Lithuania (“Grand Duchy of Lithuania”) and historical Poland (“The Crown”), underwent in the past several name changes and administrative assignments. At the beginning of our investigations, these territories belonged administratively to the “Podlasie Region” – therefore we named the corresponding  family branch a “Podlasie Branch”. During the latest administrative changes, the borders of what was previously called the Podlasie region, were moved further north-east. Trzebieszów, located in the historic “Łuków Land” (a name rarely used at present), and located in the old “borderlands” remained outside the historical borders of the Masovia Province. Administratively, together with the nearby Łuków, it belongs now to the Lublin Voivodship (Province). Siedlce - my hometown, located north of Łuków, belong now administratively to the Masovian Voivodship. In the historical past these regions, together with the Łuków Lands, belonged to the “Little Poland” Region.

Due to the fluidity and changes of the nomenclature of this region, we decided to preserve the name of this old Family Branch as the “Podlasie Branch”. This will also help to distinguish these locations from the recently discovered settlements in the Masovia province proper, to the north-west and west from Trzebieszów (and north and west of Warsaw), where apparently some Wajszczuk families lived in the XIX and early in the XX century. Our continuing search in the archives and historical literature, so far did not provide any answers as to from where did the people or the name Wajszczuk arrive to Trzebieszów.

Trzebieszów is known to have been founded early in the XV century as “a royal village”* (http://www.wajszczuk.pl/gniazda/english/historia_trzebieszowa.htm), with settlers brought in probably from other regions of Poland, possibly from the historical Masovia Province. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Masovia). Onother publication (see below**) attempted to identify the possible founders of Trzebieszów (and other settlements) and provided additional historical facts.

Wajszczuks in the Masovia Province in the XIX century

In the course of the last few years, periodic searches in the Internet lead to the discovery of several localities in the Masovia Province and its borderlands, where the name Wajszczuk could be found in the XIX century.


Region of Sterdyń and Sokołów Podlaski. In 2002. we have found in the Internet a Wajszczuk family whose ancestors settled after WW-II in the region of Szczecin. During a telephone conversation, we were told that they came there from Łazów, (Łazów Parish and Decanat and Commune of Sterdyń, Sokołów County.We have found no Wajszczuks there at present, but we have retraced their old footsteps.


According to the Wikipedia: The first written mention about Sterdyń dates back to the year 1425 (Z. Rostkowski). This settlement is mentioned in the register of parishes of the”Łuck Land”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galicia%E2%80%93Volhynia_Wars; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d0/Polska_1333_-_1370.png

Year 2007 brought the discovery of another Wajszczuk family, whose ancestor lived in Kupientyn, Sabnie Commune, Nieciecz Parish, Sokołów county. The family moved before the war (WW-II) to Hajnówka. At present, the descendants live in Hajnówka and in Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki.

The discoveries described above (as well as those in the year 2006, described below) led to a repeated visit to Sterdyń in 2008 and to organizing a search in the parishes of the Sokołów and Sterdyń decanates. http://www.wajszczuk.pl/polski/spotkania/2008/sterdyn.htm. Earlier searches revealed the presence of the Wajszczuks already there at the beginning of the XIX century. In the registry books, they were “mixed in” with the entries recorded under the name Waszczuk - http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/drzewo/1679walenty.htm. The search was continued during the two subsequent years. The findings need still to be sorted out, but the initial analysis revealed the presence of the name Wajszczuk in several localities in that area, but there was a very marked predominance of the name Waszczuk. So far we were not able to connect the individual persons into families or establish relationships between different localities or families in that area or between them and the primary “nest” in Trzebieszów. It will be probably difficult or perhaps even impossible to differentiate between the members of the Wajszczuk Family, (who were entered in the books under a “misspelled” name Waszczuk) and members of the “true” and distinctly separate Waszczuk Family.

Drożdżyn, Sochocin commune, Płońsk county. In 2006, while searching the Internet, we found in Warsaw a descendant of another Wajszczuk family from Drożdżyn. Some members of this family still live in Drożdżyn. We found out later that they arrived to that location from Stelągi, in the Sterdyń commune and parish - http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/drzewo/1740aleksander.htm.

http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/spotkania/2008/sochocin.htm  We do not know the exact date or circumstances of their arrival from Sterdyń. to Drożdżyn, (which is located in the western part of the province of Mazowsze [Masovia]). 

Żelechlinek***, Tomaszów Mazowiecki county. The most recent search in the Internet in 2011, a few weeks ago, resulted in a discovery of a name (and possibly of a family?) of Wajszczuks, who probably lived in the settlement of Żelechlinek in the second half of the XIX century - http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/drzewo/tekst/zechlinek.htm.

It called our attention that the last names, as recorded in the parish registry books in Żelechlinek, appeared to undergo changes (evolution?) of its spelling during the XIX century – from Wajsczak, to Wajszczak and finally to Wajszczuk, while a last name “variant” - Wajszczyk was found exclusively in the nearby town of Tomaszów Mazowiecki. There was total absence of the name Waszczuk. One starts wondering, whether the name variants with the first syllable Wajsz(-czak, -czuk, -czyk, etc.) could possibly derive from the same common trunk and belong to the same ancient Family - from the Masovia region of old Poland, and the (more common) names with the first syllable Wasz(-czuk, -czak, -czyk) derive from a different common trunk having its origin in the old eastern borderlands of Poland. The latter forms of the last name were much more common in the eastern part of Poland - prior to the Second World War - this phenomenon is much less distinct at present, following the post-war migrations. http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/pokrewne.htm http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/drzewo/tekst/zelechlinek_odmiany.htm.

Wajszczuks in the USA. Still unsolved remains the puzzle of the place of origin in Poland of a family of Wajszczuks in the USA, whose ancestor arrived here in 1910, preceded by his married sister – her married name was Bocian. Initially, based on the information obtained from some of the family members in the USA, a settlement of Żebry-Laskowiec, near Nur (on the north bank of the Bug river) was mentioned, but a record search and several visits there did not revealed any traces of Wajszczuks ever having lived there. We have found there a large family of Waszczuks. Recent results of our investigations redirected our search to the southern banks of the Bug river, to the old Masovia province. We shall continue looking!


Our continuing search will be now also concentrated on trying to establish the directions of migrations of founders and members of the Wajszczuk Family, early in its existence – to Trzebieszów, from Masovia or in the opposite direction?

* HISTORY OF TRZEBIESZÓW. “The ‘king's village’ of Trzebieszów was mentioned for the first time in 1418 in the document written by the bishop Władysław Jastrzębiec (former chancellor of the queen Jadwiga, wife of the king Władysław Jagiełło)”. http://www.wajszczuk.pl/gniazda/english/historia_trzebieszowa.htm

** Rycerstwo polskie wieków średnich:
Obejmuje dwanaście pierwszych pokoleń
(Polish warriors’ cast of the middle ages: Identifies the first twelve generations...)

By Franciszek Piekosiński, Polska Akademia Umiejętności (Polish Academy of Learning),
Krakow, 1901 – (p. 337)
„ ...presumed names (based on the old documents) of the Polish warriors of the XII century, who were founders of the following settlements …”:

Trojan I-Х:
(...)Trojanów, pow. Rawa county, Żelechlinek parish, (...)

Trzebiesław (Trzebiesz) I—IV:
(...) Trzebieszów, Łuków county, (...)

*** HISTORY of the ŻELECHLINEK COMMUNE: “On June 27, 1410 the King Władysław Jagiełło passed through this settlement with his army”. http://zelechlinek.eu/

See also

Prepared by: Waldemar J Wajszczuk & Paweł Stefaniuk 2011
e-mail: wwajszczuk@comcast.net lub wajszczuk@onet.pl